Laguna San Rafael

Day 5 - Sunday, February 18, 2023

45° 35' S  72° 02' W

  Our Ship - MARINA
  Santiago de Chile
  Puerto Montt, Chile
  Puerto Chacabuco, Chile
  Laguna San Rafael, Chile
  Chilean Fjords
  Punta Arenas, Chile
  Ushuaia, Argentina
  Drake Passage
  Port Stanley, Falkland Islands
  Puerto Madryn, Argentina
  Punta Del Este, Uruguay
  Montevideo, Uruguay
  Buenos Aires, Argentina
Points of Interest
  Iguazu Falls
Laguna San Rafael National Park  is a park located on the Pacific coast of southern Chile. The park is named for the San Rafael Lagoon formed by the retreat of the San Rafael Glacier. Created in 1959, it covers an area of 17,420 km2 (6,726 sq mi) and includes the Northern Patagonian Ice Field. A fjord more than 16 km (10 mi) long is one of the park's principal attractions.

Non-indigenous people first explored the area of Laguna San Rafael in the year 1675. The glacier of the same name was a land-terminating glacier during that time. It probably reached again the lagoon at some time between 1741 and 1766, and it has been a tidewater glacier since that date.

The park was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1979

The park comprises some of the higher Andes mountains of Patagonia, such as the Monte San Valentín, Cerro Arenales, Cerro Hyades and Cerro Pared Norte.

This park contains a number of rivers. San Tadeo River is located in the Isthmus of Ofqui and flows into San Quintín Bay in the north part of the Gulf of Penas. Also there are various rivers bordering the park, such as the Baker River and the Exploradores River. Témpanos River (not really a river) connects San Rafael Lagoon with the Gulf Elefantes, the southern part of Moraleda Channel.

Presidente Ríos Lake spans the border between the park and Las Guaitecas National Reserve.

Several species of birds find shelter in the park, including black-browed albatrosses, great grebes, black-necked swans and cormorants.

Terrestrial and marine wildlife in this area also include South American gray fox, South Andean deer, Chilean dolphins, South American sea lions, marine otters, southern elephant seals, and so on. Baleen whales migrate into Gulf of Penas, and it is notable that the gulf is possibly a wintering/calving ground for the critically endangered population of Southern Right Whale.



Chile's Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael

Laguna San Rafael Glacier: Fjords, Icebergs & Seals

Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael - A Park to Yourself (Almost)

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